Fuelling the Transition Towards Clean Energy

Fuelling the Transition Towards Clean Energy
How can nuclear energy alongside other low carbon sources help your country or region to achieve their net zero targets?
This was the question posed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) at the 2021 Net Zero Challenge to young students and professionals from a variety of energy-related sectors. Ms. Claire Li, Ms. Komal Prashar and Ms. Linda Zeng, three Singaporeans pursuing Law at the London School of Economics, Biomedical Engineering and Management at the National University of Singapore and Philosophy, Politics and Economics at Kings College respectively, readily rose to the challenge.
By proposing to use “Nuclear produced hydrogen for the decarbonisation of the maritime industry”, they wowed the judging panel and emerged as champions out of 71 submissions. A team representative will be attending the UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) that is happening from 31 October to 12 November 2021 in Glasgow. In the lead up to COP26, SMF sits down with the trio to understand the inspiration behind their policy recommendations and how it all started because of an internship with the Nuclear Business Platform as Energy Researchers.
Breaking into Nuclear Energy
The story began with the search for a summer internship and a shared passion for sustainability.
For Linda, she got to know about the internship with the Nuclear Business Platform through an internship job portal. “I am very interested in the field of energy, and I took a lot of core energy modules in university, although it is more related to international politics and power shifts.”, she says. Nuclear energy was a field that neatly combines her interest in sustainability and energy. Compounded with the lack of discussion around nuclear energy in Singapore, this was a “good opportunity to study more on it”.
Similarly, Claire sought to do “something that was more interest-based” during her summer. Deciding to venture beyond the realms of law, she wanted to look into a “field that would give [her] the freedom to explore” such as sustainability and climate change. Taking on this internship would allow her to “go in-depth into an area of interest that I would not otherwise have the time to dabble in”, she explains.
To Komal, nuclear energy was a “completely different field”. The thirst to try “something new in summer”, together with a passion for climate change and desire to learn more about energy sources was what drove her to enrol in the internship. This opportunity also served to correct her misconceptions on nuclear energy.
As interns, they led a multitude of projects including an individual research project and group efforts such as participating in the IAEA Challenge and a study that examines the youths’ perception of nuclear energy in Singapore.
Given the freedom to craft their individual research topics on nuclear energy as long as there was a business angle, they each embarked on different topics that they “felt was very pertinent to [them]”, says Claire. While Claire embarked on better understanding the financing options on small modular reactors (SMRs), Komal worked on nuclear developments in Sri Lanka and Linda sought to uncover the potential of SMRs in Eastern Europe.
Igniting a passion for Climate Change
While climate change is just another buzzword to some, for Komal it is a highly personal journey. During an overseas community project in the Philippines, she experienced a transformational moment that solidified her conviction.
“I was in the Philippines, and it was so beautiful. Nature is amazing. I don’t know when the thought came to me, but it suddenly crossed my mind that what if my children never get to see this. That made me think about how we should be doing something now”, Komal shares.
Although Linda did not have the same ‘aha’ moment, she has a longstanding interest in issues related to the climate, especially in relation to politics such as how states negotiate with each other and the governance issues happening at the state, regional or local level. Highlighting that “climate change is a problem of the commons”, she was intrigued by this “power struggle” and “modules in university gradually reinforced the passion”.
Studying geography in secondary school and junior college, climate change has always been on Claire’s mind. The educational exposure drove her to “naturally start thinking of such issues” where she “realised the actions humans have on the planet” and knew that “as individuals we can do so much”. The potential global impact that can be garnered from their IAEA Challenge proposal which allows them to “craft a policy that can affect something bigger, instead of just recycling as an individual”, was also what motivated her to take part in the competition.
Addressing misconceptions on nuclear energy
Despite being a clean energy source, nuclear energy is still surrounded by numerous negative connotations, one being that it is always weaponised. Illustrating this point, Komal shares that her Primary 3 tutees’ thought her nuclear energy research was for construction of nuclear bombs. “This goes to show that impression is already ingrained in young minds. However, 70% of France’s energy is from nuclear energy and they do not really seem to have nuclear weapons”, she exclaims.
Health concerns is another common misconception. Citing a survey that the team conducted with over 600 Singapore respondents, radiation and health hazards are the main reasons why Singaporeans do not wish to adopt nuclear energy.
“But in reality, the radiation levels are really low and living within 10km of the nuclear plant is akin to eating a banana’s radiation. The deaths at Chernobyl and Fukushima did not happen because of radiation but because there was a deliberate breach of safety regulations and I think more information on this topic has to be disseminated.” – Linda on the importance of educating the public on nuclear energy.
Chiming in, Claire agrees that more needs to be done to educate the public on new safety measures that have been put in place in light of past nuclear energy accidents. This will aid in assuaging the public’s fears.
Complementing Maritime’s decarbonisation efforts by adopting nuclear produced hydrogen
In their research efforts, the team came across hydrogen-powered cars which is growing in popularity, especially in Japan. With the world’s first commercial hydrogen powered ship coming into the scene this year, coupled with organisations such as Shell doing hydrogen studies, the team felt that nuclear produced hydrogen could be a reality soon.
“We wanted to be as innovative as possible with our solution and not just something that is always talked about. Something that is within the realm of possibility and can happen in the near future that will hopefully inspire policies elsewhere.”- Claire on their brainstorming process for the IAEA Challenge.
Wanting to craft a policy that has a significant global impact, the team set their sights on the maritime industry. Since Singapore has one of the world’s leading ports, the nation has “the ability to influence how maritime is progressing”, Claire observes.
“Upon further research, 17% of the world’s carbon emissions also come from maritime and I don’t think people focus enough on this”, she elaborates. “Singapore was also looking for cleaner sources of fuel for shipping. It was timely that there was a need, and we had a solution”, Komal adds.
On why the team decided to use nuclear produced hydrogen, they noted that “while hydrogen can be produced by using natural gases, it will create more carbon emissions because it must be converted into hydrogen before usage”. As maritime requires large amounts of energy, wind and solar sources will not be able to produce sufficient hydrogen energy to support the industry’s activities.
Given Singapore’s lack of land space, building a nuclear plant is not feasible. Instead, the team proposes importing nuclear produced hydrogen from neighbouring countries and for the nation’s ports to offer a hydrogen refuelling option. Additionally, Singapore is diplomatically well-positioned to “build a network of strategic partnerships and establish trade routes to transport hydrogen”.
Reflecting on Maritime Singapore’s decarbonisation progress, they remarked that it is “extremely heartening that there is a lot more emphasis and effort taken”. Nonetheless, Linda feels that progress must be tracked with a clear follow through plan. Maritime’s route to decarbonisation holds great promise and with bright minds like Claire, Komal and Linda, SMF looks forward to growing the young talent of tomorrow.
Inspired by this article and wish to heed your calling in maritime? Head over to https://www.maritimesgconnect.com/ to discover the sea of opportunities that await you.

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Over 129 tertiary students across 35 teams took part in the inaugural MSC Maritime Digital Challenge that seeks to plug Singapore students with a passion for technology into the maritime industry.
Students from the Singapore Management University and Nanyang Polytechnic were announced as winners of the challenges posed by Eastport Maritime, Kanda and Torvald Klaveness at the Prize Presentation held on 13 November 2021.

MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021

Three challenge statements, 35 teams, 129 students and 12 finalist teams from 4 universities & 3 polytechnics. Catch behind-the-scene highlights of the MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021.

Singapore Maritime Foundation | MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021

Catch highlights of the MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021. We thank Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Transport Mr. Chee Hong Tat for being our Guest-of-Honour at the event.

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The past two years of learning to live with Covid-19 has been challenging, but Maritime Singapore has remained resilient. What are the fundamental tenets that attract companies to anchor their business in Singapore and grow their operations here? And what more can be done to leverage on Singapore’s strengths to enhance its attractiveness as a global business hub for maritime companies? How will the Singapore Maritime Foundation organize its work around Connectivity, Innovation and Talent to strengthen the maritime ecosystem? Find out in this Year-in-Perspective video.

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The 2022 SMF New Year Conversations that took place on 13 January 2022 was graced by Guest-of-Honour Mr S Iswaran, Minister for Transport & Minister-in-charge of Trade Relations. Over 250 industry leaders across the breadth of maritime attended physically and virtually.
Singapore was announced to have secured the overall top spot as an international maritime centre for the fifth consecutive time in the DNV-Menon Leading Maritime Cities 2022 report.
Thank you to our industry partners for your strong support.

Mr. Lars Kastrup

CO-PRESIDENT & EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, PACIFIC INTERNATIONAL LINES

Mr. Lars Kastrup is the Co-President and Executive Director of Pacific International Lines (Pte) Ltd (PIL).
Prior to joining PIL, Mr. Kastrup was CEO of NOL/APL, and subsequently assumed the role of Executive Vice President, Strategy and M&A at CMA CGM Group. A veteran in the global shipping industry with over 30 years of experience, Mr Kastrup’s other roles include Executive Vice President of Assets at CMA CGM Group heading up CMA Terminals, CMA Ships, Container Logistics as well as regional carriers such as MacAndrews, OPDR and Mercosul; as well as Vice President at AP Moller-Maersk.
Mr. Kastrup complemented his tertiary education with leadership and management training at Penn State University and The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.

Ms. Angeline Teo

MANAGING DIRECTOR & HEAD, GLOBAL TRANSPORTATION & OFFSHORE, OCBC BANK

Ms. Angeline Teo is the Managing Director and Head of Global Transportation and Offshore, Global Corporate Banking at OCBC Bank which focuses on the maritime, aviation, land & port ecosystems.
Ms. Teo has spent over three decades in maritime finance. Prior to OCBC, Ms. Teo was working at ING Bank, ABN Amro and DnB in Singapore focusing on maritime and offshore.
Ms. Teo graduated from the National University of Singapore with a degree in Business Administration.

Mr. John Martin

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, GARD SINGAPORE

Mr. John Martin began his career in London in 1989 with Richards Hogg Lindley Average Adjusters, and qualified as a Fellow of the UK Association of Average Adjusters in 2000.
At RHL he worked in their offices in Australia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. In 2003 he joined Gard Hong Kong, as a claims handler. Mr. Martin also worked in Gard Japan, and in 2014 he moved to Singapore to set up the Gard Singapore office.
Besides running Gard Singapore, Mr. Martin also heads the P&I and H&M claims units and is the Senior Claims Representative for Gard in Asia.

Mr. Cyril Ducau

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER, EASTERN PACIFIC SHIPPING

Mr. Cyril Ducau is the Chief Executive Officer of Eastern Pacific Shipping Pte Ltd, a leading shipping company headquartered in Singapore for the past 30 years.

He is also currently the Chairman of Kenon Holdings Ltd and a member of the board of directors of Gard P&I (Bermuda) Ltd. and of the Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation Limited, which was established by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore. He was previously Head of Business Development of Quantum Pacific Advisory Limited in London from 2008 to 2012 and acted as Director and Chairman of Pacific Drilling SA between 2011 and 2018.
Prior to joining Quantum Pacific Advisory Limited, Mr. Ducau was Vice President in the Investment Banking Division of Morgan Stanley & Co. International Ltd. in London between 2000 and 2008.
Mr. Ducau graduated from ESCP Europe Business School (Paris, Oxford, Berlin) and holds a Master of Science in business administration and a Diplom Kaufmann.