Electrification over Emissions: Electrifying Singapore’s Harbour Craft Ecosystem

With a goal to reach net-zero by 2050, Maritime Singapore is making strides towards the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by embarking on the journey to electrify the harbour craft ecosystem.

The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) recently launched the first pilot trial for electric harbour craft (e-HC) charging point at the Marina South Pier (MSP) following an earlier call for proposals to develop and operate e-HC charging points at various locations under a two-year pilot scheme.

The charging point at MSP was awarded to a partnership comprising Pyxis Energy, Pyxis Maritime, and SP Mobility. Pyxis’ fleet of e-HCs operating at MSP will serve as the base offtake to ensure optimisation of the charging infrastructure and enable comprehensive data to be gathered. Insights from the data collected will contribute towards the development of a national e-HC charging infrastructure masterplan, implementation plan, and national standards for e-HC charging infrastructure.

Lyn Phun, Pyxis’s Chief Corporate Officer

We sat down with Lyn Phun, Chief Corporate Officer, from local startup Pyxis following their recent launch of Singapore’s first fully electrified harbour craft X-Tron on 27 March 2024, to understand how e-HCs can contribute to the greening of Singapore’s coastal waters.

What advantages do electric harbour crafts (e-HCs) offer over conventional ones from a sustainability point of view?

Electric harbour crafts are powered by electricity as compared to conventional harbour crafts which are usually powered by fossil fuels such as marine gas oil or diesel.

X-Tron, the first of the Pyxis One electric port passenger vessel series developed by Pyxis.

We launched our inaugural vessel from Pyxis’ flagship product line, the Pyxis One series of electric vessels, which we named X-Tron.  Tailored specifically for the dynamic Singapore port market, the Pyxis One seamlessly shuttles up to 12 passengers and a crew of two between mainland Singapore and ships stationed at the anchorage. With a purpose-built aluminium catamaran hull, an efficient electric propulsion chain, and an IoT-enabled (Internet of Things) digital ecosystem platform, the Pyxis One pushes the boundaries of innovation and brings significant productivity gains.

How will e-HCs impact green/sustainable shipping in Singapore?


Harbour crafts play a significant role in the Port of Singapore by performing a wide variety of supporting functions such as crew transfer, supply delivery, towage amongst others. There are 1,600 of such vessels operating in our waters hence electrifying them allows the industry to take a step forward in creating a greener and digitalised port.

What are the primary drivers that motivate shipping companies to shift towards greener and more sustainable alternatives in their fleet operations?

Mr Baey Yam Keng, Senior Parliamentary Secretary for the Ministry of Transport & Ministry of Sustainability and the Environment graces the launch of Pyxis One as the Guest-of-Honour.

A global shift in demand for greener maritime services encourages shipping companies to shift to a more sustainable fleet. This shift, aided by regulatory guidance by governments around the world to reach net zero emissions by 2050, encourages shipping companies to choose sustainable alternatives. For example, by 2030 in Singapore, all new harbour crafts must be fully electric, be capable of using B100 biofuel, or be compatible with net zero fuels such as hydrogen.

What does green and sustainable shipping mean to Pyxis, and why is it so important to the industry and the environment?


Pyxis believes in creating a greener, more sustainable maritime future for generations to come. Shipping currently contributes 3% to global carbon emissions, which may rise to 17% by the year 2050 if this trajectory continues. Thus, Pyxis aspires to work with the ecosystem to develop more sustainable maritime products and services to limit carbon emissions.

Beyond electric harbour crafts, what additional decarbonization projects and sustainable shipping initiatives is Pyxis currently pursuing?

An e-HC charging point jointly developed by Pyxis and SP Mobility.

Pyxis is currently embarking on electric vessel charging stations. We have recently been selected by Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) to pilot our vessel charging stations at Marina South Pier public landing site, together with SP Mobility, our consortium partner. This allows us to build a business model which enables existing maritime companies to seamlessly adopt electric vessels into their fleet.

Lastly, what are some tips you have for companies to stay relevant in the green transition?


Pyxis is always learning, unlearning, and relearning as we transit to a sustainable, digital maritime economy!


Inaugural MSC Maritime Digital Challenge Grand Finals Prize Presentation

Over 129 tertiary students across 35 teams took part in the inaugural MSC Maritime Digital Challenge that seeks to plug Singapore students with a passion for technology into the maritime industry.
Students from the Singapore Management University and Nanyang Polytechnic were announced as winners of the challenges posed by Eastport Maritime, Kanda and Torvald Klaveness at the Prize Presentation held on 13 November 2021.

MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021

Three challenge statements, 35 teams, 129 students and 12 finalist teams from 4 universities & 3 polytechnics. Catch behind-the-scene highlights of the MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021.

Singapore Maritime Foundation | MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021

Catch highlights of the MSC Maritime Digital Challenge 2021. We thank Senior Minister of State, Ministry of Transport Mr. Chee Hong Tat for being our Guest-of-Honour at the event.

SMF New Year Conversations 2022: Year-in-Perspective Video

The past two years of learning to live with Covid-19 has been challenging, but Maritime Singapore has remained resilient. What are the fundamental tenets that attract companies to anchor their business in Singapore and grow their operations here? And what more can be done to leverage on Singapore’s strengths to enhance its attractiveness as a global business hub for maritime companies? How will the Singapore Maritime Foundation organize its work around Connectivity, Innovation and Talent to strengthen the maritime ecosystem? Find out in this Year-in-Perspective video.

SMF New Year Conversations 2022: Opportunities Amid Disruptions

The 2022 SMF New Year Conversations that took place on 13 January 2022 was graced by Guest-of-Honour Mr S Iswaran, Minister for Transport & Minister-in-charge of Trade Relations. Over 250 industry leaders across the breadth of maritime attended physically and virtually.
Singapore was announced to have secured the overall top spot as an international maritime centre for the fifth consecutive time in the DNV-Menon Leading Maritime Cities 2022 report.
Thank you to our industry partners for your strong support.

Mr. Lars Kastrup


Mr. Lars Kastrup is the Chief Executive Officer of Pacific International Lines (Pte) Ltd (PIL).

Prior to joining PIL, Mr. Kastrup was CEO of NOL/APL, and subsequently assumed the role of Executive Vice President, Strategy and M&A at CMA CGM Group. A veteran in the global shipping industry with over 30 years of experience, Mr Kastrup’s other roles include Executive Vice President of Assets at CMA CGM Group heading up CMA Terminals, CMA Ships, Container Logistics as well as regional carriers such as MacAndrews, OPDR and Mercosul; as well as Vice President at AP Moller-Maersk.
Mr. Kastrup complemented his tertiary education with leadership and management training at Penn State University and The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania.

Ms. Angeline Teo


Ms. Angeline Teo is the Managing Director and Head of Global Transportation and Offshore, Global Corporate Banking at OCBC Bank which focuses on the maritime, aviation, land & port ecosystems.
Ms. Teo has spent over three decades in maritime finance. Prior to OCBC, Ms. Teo was working at ING Bank, ABN Amro and DnB in Singapore focusing on maritime and offshore.
Ms. Teo graduated from the National University of Singapore with a degree in Business Administration.

Mr. John Martin


Mr. John Martin began his career in London in 1989 with Richards Hogg Lindley Average Adjusters, and qualified as a Fellow of the UK Association of Average Adjusters in 2000.
At RHL he worked in their offices in Australia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. In 2003 he joined Gard Hong Kong, as a claims handler. Mr. Martin also worked in Gard Japan, and in 2014 he moved to Singapore to set up the Gard Singapore office.
Besides running Gard Singapore, Mr. Martin also heads the P&I and H&M claims units and is the Senior Claims Representative for Gard in Asia.

Mr. Cyril Ducau


Mr. Cyril Ducau is the Chief Executive Officer of Eastern Pacific Shipping Pte Ltd, a leading shipping company headquartered in Singapore for the past 30 years.

He is also currently the Chairman of Kenon Holdings Ltd and a member of the board of directors of Gard P&I (Bermuda) Ltd. and of the Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation Limited, which was established by the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore. He was previously Head of Business Development of Quantum Pacific Advisory Limited in London from 2008 to 2012 and acted as Director and Chairman of Pacific Drilling SA between 2011 and 2018.
Prior to joining Quantum Pacific Advisory Limited, Mr. Ducau was Vice President in the Investment Banking Division of Morgan Stanley & Co. International Ltd. in London between 2000 and 2008.
Mr. Ducau graduated from ESCP Europe Business School (Paris, Oxford, Berlin) and holds a Master of Science in business administration and a Diplom Kaufmann.